Long and Short Vowel Activities

Two products that we love using not only in the classroom but at home!  Early elementary students need lots of practice distinguishing long and short vowels!  The more hands on fun we can provide the better!

Find the Sweet Vowel Word Hunt and Monster Vowel Word Hunt in our stores!

Quick Tips on Long and Short Vowels….

What is the difference between short and long vowels? Depending on their position in the word and the pronunciation of that word, the length of the vowel can change and have a different sound. Not all letters make the same sound in all words, and that’s what vowel length is about.

14Short Vowels

When syllables end in a vowel and then consonant (as in the examples above), the vowel is usually short. If there is more than one consonant, the vowel is almost always short.

The most common sound for each vowel is its “short” sound:

  •  ă, pronounced /æ/ as in apple, pan, or mat,
  •  ĕ, pronounced /ɛ/ as in elephant, pen, or met,
  •  ĭ, pronounced /ɪ/ as in insect, pin, or mitt,
  •  ŏ, pronounced /ɒ/ as in octopus, ostrich, upon, or motto,
  •  and ŭ, pronounced /ʌ/ as in umbrella, pun, or mutt.

15Long Vowels

The alphabet sounds (when the vowel “says its name”) are called “long vowels.”  We call them ‘long’ because we hold them longer than the short sounds, but they are completely different sounds– not a longer version of the same sound.

  • Long A (ā ), pronounced /eɪ/ as in ate or mate,
  • Long E (ē ), pronounced /iː/ as in eat or meat (or meet or mete– all pronounced the same),
  • Long I (ī), pronounced /aɪ/ as in mite or might,
  • Long O (ō), pronounced /oʊ/ as in oats, mote or moat, and
  • Long U (ū), pronounced /juː/ in mute.

Vowel Resources!

Comment below and tell us, what resources do you use to teach vowels?

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